Categories
Economics English Ethics Political Economy Politics Sociology

Marx and Nietzsche on Socialism and Envy

Follow-up to my earlier blog: “Research Shows Socialism Is About Envy“:

(many thanks to my friends M and E for this)

First a quote from Karl Marx himself. I found it in extended length at the blog called “The Sentinel“:

Marx, in his much neglected Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts warned against […] what he termed “crude communism”. Crude communism “appears in a double form; the domination of material property looms so large that it aims to destroy everything which is incapable of being possessed by everyone as private property. It wishes to eliminate talent, etc., by force . . . The role of worker is not abolished but extended to all men. The relation of private property remains the relation of the community to the world of things . . . This communism, which negates the personality of man in every sphere is . . . Universal envy setting itself up as a power, is only camouflaged form of cupidity which re-establishes itself and satisfies itself in a different way. The thoughts of every individual private property are at least directed against any wealthier private property, in the form of envy and the desire to reduce everything to a common level; so that this envy and levelling in fact constitute the essence of competition. Crude communism is only the culmination of such envy and levelling-down on the basis of a preconceived minimum. How little this abolishing of private property represents a genuine appropriation is shown by the abstract negation of the whole world of culture and civilisation, and the regression to the unnatural simplicity of the poor and wantless individual who has not only not surpassed private property but has not even attained to it. The community is only a community of work and of equality of wages paid out by the communal capital, by the community as universal capitalists. The two sides of the relation are raised to a supposed universality; labour as a condition in which everyone is placed, and capital as the acknowledged universality and power of the community.

Marx was likely talking about Babeuf, but the idea of flattening everybody down to the lowest common poverty has come back into fashion (usually dressed up as “antiglobalization” or “environmentalism”).

===============

And now unto Friedrich Nietzsche, in The Anti-Christ (section #57):

Whom do I hate most among the rabble of today? The socialist rabble, the chandala apostles, who undermine the instinct, the pleasure, the worker’s sense of satisfaction with his small existence–who make him envious, who teach him revenge. The source of wrong is never unequal rights but the claim of “equal” rights.

Nietzsche was of course talking about Christians too, but that I’ll leave to another blog…

Categories
Cattolicesimo Clericalismo democrazia Europa Italiano Religione

Sarkozy…e gli Atei Devoti

Segnalo le pesantissime parole di Bernard Henry-Lévy nei confronti del Presidente francese Sarkozy, riportate sul Corriere della Sera del 16 gennaio 2008 in un articolo intitolato “Il cinismo religioso di Monsieur Sarkozy“:

“Possiamo infine dare atto al Presidente di sapere, molto precisamente, quello che dice; e allora non potremo evitare di fare l’accostamento con l’unica grande ideologia fran­cese che ha pensato il cattolice­simo come «cultura» alla qua­le non si è costretti a credere ma che come nessun’altra sug­gella, se solo le viene data in subappalto, la coesione di un legame sociale: il maurrassismo.”

Suggeriscono, quelle parole, che la brutta faccia della “devozione atea” possa stare tornando in auge in Francia come in Italia (dove pero’ Ferrara e Pera non sono Presidenti della Repubblica, almeno per il momento).

Henry-Lévy richiama il maurrassismo, ma avrebbe potuto riferirsi a de Maistre, Saint-Simon, e altri in una specie di “carrellata dell’infamia” di tutto lo sbagliato generato nel pensiero politico post-illuminista. Sono convinto che il passaggio dalla devozione atea al fascismo non solo sia breve, ma obbligato (quand’anche si tratti del fascismo relativamente “dolce” come quello di Salazar in Portogallo).

E che la “devozione atea” stessa sia un’offesa, anche per il credente, uno svuotamento del “contenuto della fede dalle sue radici vere” come detto dal Cardinale Mario F Pompedda nel numero di Jesus del Marzo 2006, riducendola “solo a una realtà esteriore.

E’ una sfida, quella lanciata dagli atei devoti e dai loro compagni di merenda clericali, che sembra non aver mai fine. E’ fatta di persone che per farne un paradiso rendono il mondo un inferno: ed e’ una sfida contro la quale ci tocchera’ comunque (e sempre?) combattere.